The 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 21) held at the end of 2015 adopted the Paris Agreement. This agreement sets a new international framework for the year 2020 and beyond, aiming for significant reductions in anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, a main cause of global warming. This paper explains the recent some Japanese governmental plans and strategic actions towards 2050, and the role of hydrogen technology.
Hydrogen energy provides a wide range of benefits for the environment and energy security because it can reduce CO2 emissions, can be used for energy storage and transmission and has fuel flexibility. In terms of climate change, it is important to reduce CO2 emissions throughout the hydrogen supply chain because there are cases in which CO2 is emitted through the hydrogen production from fossil fuels, etc. To make the most of hydrogen energy and tackle climate change problems, the Ministry of the Environment (MOE) conducts hydrogen programs. This paper describes what MOE aims to realize by using hydrogen energy and MOE’s projects on RD&D, supply chain demonstration and LCA guideline.
Hydrogen has a potential to realize CO2-free supply chain, and is expected to play an important role to achieve global warming and energy security.
Under these circumstances, "Energy carriers" project, a technology development program toward the realization of hydrogen society has been launched as one of the 11 projects of the Cross-ministerial Strategic Innovation Promotion Program (SIP) spearheaded by the Council for Science, Technology and Innovation (CSTI) in 2014. The “Energy carriers” project covers key technologies to develop CO2-free hydrogen value chain from production through transportation, storage and utilization focusing on three energy carriers, liquid hydrogen, an organic hydride and ammonia. Through enhancement of research and developments of those technologies, we are aiming to realize hydrogen society by 2030 and to contribute to the sustainable developments of society, economy and industries in Japan.
In order to accelerate the challenges to realize a Hydrogen Society, the Council for a Strategy for Hydrogen and Fuel Cells has revised "The Strategic Road Map for Hydrogen and Fuel Cells" last March.
The revised version of the road map newly stipulates some numeral targets for dramatic expansion of hydrogen use.
The 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 21) held at the end of 2015 adopted the Paris Agreement. This agreement sets a new international framework for the year 2020 and beyond, aiming for significant reductions in anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, a main cause of global warming. Based on the background discussed above, Japanese Prime Minister Abe made an announcement at the Global Warming Prevention Headquarters (November 26, 2015) and at COP 21 (November 30, 2015) regarding Japan’s outlining of a National Energy and Environment Innovation Strategy by spring 2016. Meanwhile, the strategy recently created looks toward 2050 from a long-term perspective, targeting the creation of innovations that will dramatically reduce greenhouse gases in a global basis. The role of this strategy is to identify technologies that should be targeted for more focused, intensive research and development activities, to discuss the technological issues to be overcome, and to outline the systems under which research and development activities should be pursued. At the same time, this strategy is designed to describe the measures by which Japan will contribute to the world.
The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) 2016 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting (AMR) for the Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and the Vehicle Technologies Office was held on June 6–10, 2016, in Washington, D.C. The meeting was composed of plenary, overviews, oral presentations and poster presentations, and the projects funded by DOE were presented and reviewed for their merit. PowerPoint PDFs are available at //www.annualmeritreview.energy.gov/, and review results report is to be published later this year.